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Karur, being a part of Kongu nadu had always been blessed with a lot of wealth and beauty. The fertile soil and the pleasant climate made Karur apt for a lot of agricultural activities and for the setting up of various textile industries. Karur is known for its scenic beauty and historical significance. One of the urban cities of the Kongu nadu, Karur had been an important location right from the ancient times, whether it was for trade practices or for battles. Its strategic location always made it important for many of the rulers.
Location of Karur
Karur is located in the southern state of Tamil Nadu and is a part of the Karur district. It lies at a distance of 371 km from Chennai which is the capital city of the state of Tamil nadu. The exact location of Karur would be 10.95o north and 78.08o east. Also, it lies at an elevation of 101m above sea level. It is bound by other major districts of Tamil Nadu all around namely Namakkal district to the north, Dindigul district to the south, Tiruchirapalli on the east and Erode to the west.
Physical features of Karur
Karur has mainly plains all over. There is no other type of physical features in that area. The mineral resources also found in and around Karur are considerably less. Karur has mainly the black and red soil type which is formed due to the Cauvery delta region. This has however helped the land for cultivation of various types of common crops.
Climate of Karur
Karur has a favorable climate for the growth of many crops that’s the reason agriculture too has been a major occupation in Karur giving way to the formation of textile industries there. The weather in Karur is quite pleasant but during the summer it gets a lot hot. The month of March marks the beginning of the summer season in Karur and the temperature during this time ranges from 27o to 38o. Usually the tourists do not prefer visiting Karur during the summer season as the days tend to get really hot and humid. However the winters there are extremely pleasant. It’s by the month of November that winter begins in Karur and it continues till February. Tourists flock in here to have a good vacation mostly during the winter months. During this season the temperature usually remains between 17o to 30o .It is an ideal time to enjoy nature and to visit the various tourist spots in Karur. The monsoons in Karur begin with the month of July. Karur however receives moderate rainfall and people who enjoy the rains prefer visiting the place during this time.
Hottest months: April to June Coldest months: December to January
Rivers in Karur
Karur city itself is situated on the banks of the river Amravati. Other than that, the river Cauvery and Noyyal too flow through Karur. The deltas of these rivers have helped grow a green and lush natural surrounding for Karur. Many of these regions around the rivers, which is rich in natural beauty has been turned into tourists spots too.
Demographics in Karur
Karur town has a population of 70,980 according to the census conducted in the year 2011.South Indians give a lot of importance to education and both girls and boys are required to get educated since
its importance and value is known by the people.The literacy rate is quite good in Karur since there are numerous educational institutions here.With many educational programs and encouragement of female education, literacy rate is currently 81.71% which is much higher than the national average.The sex-ratio of the city is also quite impressive with 1032 females for every 1000 males.Tamil is the main spoken language here, but English is also given a lot of importance when it comes to medium of instruction at schools, colleges, other educational institutes and offices.The city covers an area of 5.96 sq.km and about 8% of the district's population resides here at Karur.About 25% of the urban population of the district also is here. Given below are the details of land use in Karur: